what are the basic skills of badminton

Badminton is a very friendly sport as anyone can participate by observing certain games. In this guide, I will explain what are the basic skills of badminton.

Playing this game will give you a rush of enthusiasm, though you will not enjoy it without basic badminton skills. With skillfulness, you will be able to compete and make a name for yourself. 

Some basic badminton skills are easier to learn, while some take time to master. It depends on how you catch it and effectively put it into practice. The earlier you can learn, the more you can improve your skills.

To hit different badminton shots, your experience in some basic skills is compulsory. You can’t look forward to becoming a skilled player with bad basics.

Therefore, you need to work on your basics regularly. Improving your skills will motivate you to become a professional player.

There aren’t many badminton techniques out there that make the game fairly easy to master. Sounds good? No, unless you practice!

What are the Basic Skills of Badminton?

Here is a simplified rundown of the basic skills of badminton.

Please take a look at it!

Hold the racket properly.

In badminton, this skill is essential for the player. The way you hit the shot depends on how you catch the racket. Wrong holding will drive the shuttlecock in the wrong direction, and your service will not be on the mark.

To hold the racket properly, think of the grip of the racket as someone’s hand. Like a firm handshake, hold the grip in such a way like you hold a person’s hand.

Please do not hold the racket too tightly, as it will ruin the comfort of your wrist and adversely affect your performance. Slowly press the thumb against the grip’s wide surface and hold the racket with the rest of your hand.

Fundamental skills of badminton pdf

Forehand and backhand grip

These are both basic grips used in forehand and backhand shots. The only dissimilarity among the shots is the position of the fingers. For forehand grip, your index finger will control the racket on top of the stroke.

Unlike regular grips, you do not need to press the thumb against the grip’s wide surface. Near the grip of the racket, you can rest it anywhere. As for backhand grip, your thumb will be in charge of the stroke.

Adjust your thumb against the grip’s wide surface and move your index finger towards your middle finger. It would help if you were skilled enough to switch grips quickly.

Importance of basic skills in badminton


The Badminton game is based on speed. You have to adjust your movement according to the speed of the movement. If you’re very good at your footwork, you’re capable of scoring points speedily.

Proper footwork will help control your side in the court. You will save time and energy while playing. Since the footwork is correct, you will have no problem hitting fast a shuttlecock that’s coming in any direction. Get the best outdoor Shuttlecock.


Serving early is very crucial for you to win the rally. It would be best if you were good to serve to prevent the opponent from firing an attacking shot. It is important to learn all kinds of badminton services not to miss an issue after the service.

10 fundamental skills of badminton

High badminton Serving

This is used when you want your opponent to go backward by tapping the shuttlecock on the court’s back end. This will prevent your opponent from shooting a smash at you. Learn about the badminton court dimensions.

Low badminton Serving

The low badminton serving is exploited while you need your opponent to move forward by hitting a shuttlecock in their frontcourt. This will allow your opponent to come under the shuttle and prevent you from making any offensive shots.

Flick serve

This is used to convince your opponent that you are hitting the low serve.

Badminton Posture

When you are going to get an incoming shot from your opponent, a badminton posture is essential. Three types of posture are used during certain situations to take advantage of the rally. Steps to make trends are also mentioned.


The first is an attacking posture. You have to go behind the shuttlecock, rotate your body to the side court in an angular form, raise both your arms, move your whole body weight in the racket legs by opening your legs wide, and hit the shuttlecock.


The second is a defensive posture. Open your legs wide, bend your knees slightly, keep flexing your upper body, raise both your arms and defend. Use only when you are going to run a high clear or high service.

Net Posture

The last one is a clear trend. You have to keep your racket foot forward and the non-racket foot backward. Hold your racket and place it in front of your body within a small distance on top of the weight height.

Body balance

For body balance, use a hand other than the racket and finally, use your body weight and hold it slightly forward to get ready. Use this only when you see that your opponent will hit a net shot. Use the net kill for a full counter-attack.


For perfect badminton shots, you need to be good at the first strokes. This will help you make advanced shots like drops, smash, and drives. There are 4 basic strokes. They are all explained briefly.

Overhand forehand stroke

The first is an overhead forehand stroke. Most players can be seen using it. This stroke produces the force that forms the motion of the swing. You can’t use too much power for speed because the technology will be wasted.

Overhead backhand stroke

Another is an overhead backhand stroke. This is difficult to run because the body needs to turn backward. For a good backhand stroke, you need to create a full swing backward to generate power.

Underarm forehand stroke

The third is an underarm forehand stroke. This technique is used when you hit with a drop shot from your opponent. You have to hit a low shot with a lot of strength to resist.

Underarm backhand stroke

The final one is an underarm backhand stroke. You need to use this stroke when the drop shot coming from your opponent comes. You don’t have to turn back like an overhead backhand stroke. Therefore, it is relatively easier to do.

The Rules of Badminton

As outlined by the Badminton World Federation (BWF), here is a simple root down of badminton rules.

Badminton scoring system

All singles and doubles matches are the best among the 3 available games. The first side to reach 21 points wins the game.

A point is made on each service, and the one who wins the rally next to it is awarded. The winning side serves next.

If the score is 20-20, one side must win the game by two clear points. If it reaches 29-29, the first to get the 30th point wins the game

Win a point

One point can be won if the birdie hits the ground in the opponent half of the court, including the shuttlecock lines.

An issue can be accepted if a shot goes beyond the court’s boundaries, if the birdie hits the net or passes under/below it, or if a player attacks the birdie twice with his racket.

Players must wait for the birdie to cross the net before playing the shot, and touching the net with your body or racket will result in a point being approved. For wining the best always use right birdie.

How to Serve in Badminton

Birdie must be hit below waist height, with players serving diagonally in their opponent’s service box. Both players must remain stable until service.

In singles

The server starts from the right service court and will serve from the side whenever they have the same points. The player serves from the left side every time they have an odd amount.

Each player will maintain service as long as they retain winning points.

In doubles

The server will start from the right and serve while creating alternate sides with their peers to keep the winning points.

If the recipient side takes point, they serve. Moreover, a player who did not initially serve in each team will only handle the service once his side has won the point as the receiving side.

What are the Basic Skills of Badminton: FAQs

What are the 5 basic skills in badminton?

Here are 5 basic badminton skills:

  • Grip.
  • Footwork.
  • Serve.
  • Stance.
  • Stroke.

What is the most important skill in badminton?

In badminton, the first and most essential skill for a beginner to learn is the forehand clear. Most beginners will start learning badminton through rallies by constantly hitting the shuttlecock back and forth in the air for as long as possible.


With practice, you will master all the preceding basic badminton skills. Don’t be disappointed if you don’t acquire skills as quickly as possible. Use your strengths and work on your weaknesses. Use this list, practice and master this skill, and your badminton game will go to the next level.